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Species_Profile_-_Parasaurolophus

Species Profile - Parasaurolophus


Well, this is more my speed... a Parasaurolophus. Its distinctive crested head presents a challenge to scientists... an evolutionary dead-end that we now realise is highly effective. This is what Jurassic research should be about.

Parasaurolophus, or Parasaur for short, is a genus of hadrosaurid dinosaur that originated from Late Cretaceous North America.  

Parasaurolphus fossils are first unlocked on Isla Tacaño then excavated from the Dinosaur Park FormationKirtland Formation, and Nemegt Formation.

History

Originating in Late Cretaceous North America, Parasaurolophus was among the first species cloned by InGen for Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar. By 1993, a herd of fifteen animals was present on Nublar, while thirteen were present on InGen's Site B facility on nearby Isla Sorna.[1] After the park was abandoned in 1993, continued attacks by Nublar's Tyrannosaurus had reduced the Parasaur population on the island to nine by 1994, with the remaining dinosaurs congregating close to other large herbivores for protection.[1]

Following the abandonment of Isla Sorna soon after the Jurassic Park Incident, the Parasaurolophus were left to fend for themselves. During the 1997 incident, several Parasaurolophus were briefly captured by InGen.[2]

In 2001, several Parasaurolophus were briefly encountered by those involved with the Isla Sorna Rescue Mission. They were found living alongside other herds of Corythosaurus.[3]

Upon the opening of Jurassic World in 2004, Parasaurolophus was one of the many species exhibited on Isla Nublar, living peacefully alongside other species of herbivores. Juvenile Parasaurs could be approached by visitors in the Gentle Giants Petting Zoo, while adults were seen congregating in the Gyrosphere Valley.[1][4]

Three years after the 2015 Isla Nublar Incident, many Parasaurolophus were transported to the Lockwood Manor in California, USA. These dinosaurs were later released into the wilds of Northern California by Maisie Lockwood.[5]

A year after the events at Lockwood Manor, a Parasaurolophus is seen drinking from a river by several people on a canoe.[6]

Description

Alan hates it when people call this animal a duck-billed dinosaur. But if you look at its snout, you can see why. And the Parasaurolophus does have the most amazing crest on its head. The thing I remember the most are its calls. They're haunting. And beautiful.

Parasaurolophus is an average sized hadrosaur, but is otherwise distinguished by its prominent, curved crest. The base cosmetic gene of the Parasaurolophus has a light brown body, a white underbelly, a reddish back and crest, and dark brown stripes on its legs.

A pair of Parasaurolophus with 1997 cosmetic pattern.

Unlocked sequentially after Corythosaurus, the dinosaur's requirements present the player with a moderate increase in complexity as it is the first hadrosaur they will encounter with a social group minimum requirement of 4. Its other requirements are relatively easy to manage, with a moderately long lifespan and fairly good resistance to illness, it differs in that it can be kept in a smaller exhibit than other dinosaurs. Its incubation cost is also relatively low.

Behaviour

Parasaurolophus behaves similarly to the other hadrosaurs and is able to socialize and herd with them in normal circumstances. A herd is a necessity for this dinosaur due to their high minimum social requirements. They can otherwise mix well with other herbivorous dinosaurs with large maximum population limits.

Like all other hadrosaurs, Parasaurolophus is vulnerable to predation from most carnivores, meaning that its sole defense against predators is to avoid them.

Paleontology

Parasaurolophus was discovered in 1920 by a group from the University of Toronto in Alberta, Canada. The name Parasaurolophus means 'Near Crested Lizard', as early paleontologists originally believed this dinosaur was a direct relative of a genus called Saurolophus, though this is no longer accepted.

A herd of Parasaurolophus.

The dinosaur is known for its distinctive head crest, a point of discussion for many years since the genus was discovered. Some early paleontologists thought, among other theories, that it was used as a defensive weapon or as a way to push branches out of the way as it roamed through dense growth. The most common belief, especially in modern times and for all other crested hadrosaurs, is that the crests were used as an amplifying chamber for communication and for displaying to potential mates.

In-game, Parasaurolophus fossils can be found in the Nemegt Formation in Asia despite no specimens of the dinosaur having never been found there. This may be a reference to Saurolophus, which Parasaurolophus' name references, or to Charonosaurus, a large Asian hadrosaurid that greatly resembled Parasaurolophus.

Paleoecology

Parasaurolophus lived in a warm, swampy environment with lots of rivers and floodplains, alongside other dinosaurs such as the hadrosaur Corythosaurus, the ceratopsians Chasmosaurus, Pentaceratops, and Centrosaurus, the ornithomimid Struthiomimus, the armored Ankylosaurus and Edmontonia, as well as the tyrannosaurid Albertosaurus.

Available genomes

Fossil icon Dig site Quality Number available
Hadrosaurfossilicon.png
Dinosaur Park Formation Onestar2.png
Threestars2.png
1
4
Kirtland Formation Onestar2.png
Twostars2.png
Threestars2.png
Fourstars2.png
1
3
4
4
Nemegt Formation Twostars2.png
Threestars2.png
Fourstars2.png
3
4
4

Skins

Behind the scenes

The design of the Parasaurolophus in Evolution is based on its depiction on the pre-production models made for 1997's The Lost World: Jurassic Park.[7] The audio files used in the film were provided by Universal Pictures, in order to help the development team create the most authentic representation of the dinosaur.[8] It was first revealed in the announcement trailer that was released at Gamescom 2017.[9] It received a Species Profile on March 9, 2018.[10]

For the Return to Jurassic Park expansion pack, Parasaurolophus received six additional cosmetic skins that are based on its various depictions in the Jurassic series.

Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 What Killed the Gene Guard Act?. (February 23, 2018). Dinosaur Protection Group. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  2. Spielberg, Steven. (Director). (1997). The Lost World: Jurassic Park [Film]. Universal Pictures.
  3. Johnston, Joe. (Director). (2001). Jurassic Park III [Film]. Universal Pictures.
  4. Trevorrow, Colin. (Director). (2015). Jurassic World [Film]. Universal Pictures.
  5. Bayona, J. A. (Director). (2018). Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom [Film]. Universal Pictures.
  6. Trevorrow, Colin. (Director). (2019). Battle at Big Rock [Short film]. Universal Pictures.
  7. Stan Winston School [@SWinstonSchool]. (March 31, 2017). Only for you! Parasaurolophus models for The Lost World: #JurassicPark @ #StanWinstonStudio. [Tweet]. Twitter.
  8. Krupa, Daniel (May 16, 2018). HOW JURASSIC WORLD EVOLUTION MADE ITS T.REX - IGN FIRST IGN. Retrieved June 14, 2018
  9. PlayStation Europe. (August 21, 2017). Jurassic World Evolution | Announcement Trailer | PS4 [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  10. Frontier Developments. (March 9, 2018). Species Profile - Parasaurolophus [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved October 26, 2019.

External links

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