|Okay, Dr. Dua tells me that this dinosaur of yours, the Metriacanthosaurus, is a bit of a mystery. Maybe we can learn more about it as a result of your work.
Metriacanthosaurus is a genus of theropod dinosaur that originated from Late Jurassic Europe. A medium-sized predatory dinosaur and named for its tall vertebrae, Metriacanthosaurus becomes available to the Hammond Foundation's operations in the Muertes Archipelago by achieving the appropriate level of reputation with the Security Division on Isla Tacaño. It is then subsequently found at the Oxford Clay dig site.
Metriacanthosaurus was one of the species which InGen had planned to feature at the original Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar; 71% of its genome having been completed by 1993. After InGen was acquired by Masrani Global in 1999, the genome was completed and Metriacanthosaurus became an attraction in Jurassic World's Cretaceous Cruise.
The Metriacanthosaurus has a brown body banded with darker brown stripes. It has green stripes on its head and mouth as well as green crests.
Metriacanthosaurus is a fearsome medium-sized predator that can live alone or in pairs. While its incubation cost is relatively high, it has a lower exhibit size requirement than Spinosaurus or Ceratosaurus and has a high resilience to illnesses compared to other larger carnivores. Metriacanthosaurus has a high attack and a medium defense, so it is advised to contain them in strong fences. Overall, however, it is one of the more docile and easy to keep predators.
Metriacanthosaurus will engage against larger or similarly sized predators like Ceratosaurus or Suchomimus so it is recommended not to house them together. Metriacanthosaurus can, however, cohabitate reasonably well with small carnivores like Deinonychus.
Metriacanthosaurus was one of the unfortunate victims of the Megalosaurus 'wastebasket' taxon. During the early days of paleontology, scientists studying dinosaurs had tended to sweep many fossils under a single genus without much thorough study. Many large carnivores were simply named new species of Megalosaurus. Even Dilophosaurus was once considered a species of Megalosaurus until the 1940s.
Metriacanthosaurus was officially renamed in 1964 and was given a new family, the Metriacanthosauridae, an off-shoot of the Allosaurids which also includes species such as the Yangchuanosaurus from China. Metriacanthosaurus is a mysterious animal as its only known fossils are that of its spine and pelvis. Interestingly, it has a raised spine, suggesting it may have had a hump or ridge running down its back.
Although it was a medium-sized predator, Metriacanthosaurus was one of the top predators of the Oxford Clay along with species such as Eustreptospondylus. It lived with the ornithopod, Callovosaurus, the stegosaur, Lexovisaurus, several types of sauropods and pterosaurs, and a myriad of marine reptiles that inhabited the warm shallow seas of the region.
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Behind the scenes
Metriacanthosaurus is one of the species that, despite being canon, has not appeared in any of the Jurassic films yet. So instead, the development team took inspiration from the design that is used in the promotional websites for Jurassic World, created by the renowned paleoartist Julius T. Csotonyi
- What Killed the Gene Guard Act?. (February 23, 2018). Dinosaur Protection Group. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Metriacanthosaurus. Jurassic World. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016.
- Frontier Developments. (March 29, 2018). Jurassic World Evolution Pre-Order Trailer [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- Frontier Developments. (April 6, 2018). Species Profile - Metriacanthosaurus [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- Metriacanthosaurus on Wikipedia