InGen Database Description
Ginkgo biloba is a living fossil, the only extant species of the once diverse Ginkgophyta division. Known for its distinctive leaf shape, ginkgo is cultivated across the world by humans for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental purposes.
Fossil evidence of ginkgo biloba goes back nearly 300 million years. While fossil evidence is found around the world, nowadays wild ginkgo with natural origins (as opposed to being planted by humans) is rare. There is evidence that the Dalou Mountains in China is one such area, as it could have served as a glacial refuge, an area in which plants are able to survive the effects of an ice age, in this case due to elevation. Nowadays ginkgo thrives in well watered and drained areas.