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Species Profile - Edmontosaurus

Species Profile - Edmontosaurus


This dinosaur, the Edmontosaurus, was originally uncovered at a site in Canada. I'll let you guess where. The T. rex thinks these are delicious. And who's to argue?

Edmontosaurus is a genus of hadrosaurid dinosaur that originated from Late Cretaceous North America. Equally at home alone or in herds, Edmontosaurus is among the largest of the hadrosaurs and is one of the first dinosaurs available to the Hammond Foundation on Isla Matanceros.

History

Edmontosaurus was first cloned by InGen during the planning stages for Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar, with a small herd of four individuals bred on Isla Sorna, per a 1996 report.[1] These animals were not shipped to Nublar prior to the incident in 1993, and InGen subsequently lost track of the animal's population numbers on Sorna, though the carcass of an Edmontosaurus was seen in a Tyrannosaurus nest prior to the San Diego Incident in 1997.[1][2]

A herd of Edmontosaurus were later exhibited in Jurassic World on Isla Nublar, where they lived in Gallimimus Valley, though it is unknown if these individuals were shipped from Isla Sorna, or were bred by Masrani. After the park’s abandonment due to the escape of the Indominus rex in 2015, it was reported that Edmontosaurus had slipped back into extinction.[3]

Description

The largest hadrosaur cloned by Hammond Foundation, Edmontosaurus is a herbivorous gentle giant that tends to move in herds, much like the other hadrosaurs Parasaurolophus and Tsintaosaurus. The duckbill dinosaur sports a teal blue head with yellow highlights and an orange body. Based on recent palaeontological findings, Edmontosaurus has a small crest on its head.

Edmontosaurus is defenseless against carnivores, with low attack and defense ratings. A moderately large exhibit will be needed for a herd of Edmontosaurus and even larger for mixing with other dinosaurs. Hadrosaurs are standard herbivore for many community or themed exhibits, as they are relatively long-lived, are cheap to incubate and have good resistance against diseases.

Behaviour

Edmontosaurus is a social animal that prefers living in herds. It can, however, live happily on its own. It mixes well with other herbivorous dinosaurs but can cause chaos if let out of their enclosure, bowling over or trampling park guests when runnung. While they are content with solitude, Edmontosaurus can tolerate with up to fifteen other Edmontosaurs and twenty five dinosaurs of varying species. It feeds from Ground Herbivore Feeders, and, with the Claire's Sanctuary expansion pack, Edmontosaurus benefits from Palms in a Ground Paleofeeder, with a secondary preference for Conifers, Rotten Wood and Ginkgo.

Paleontology

Among the largest members of the hadrosaur family, Edmontosaurus was one of the last non-avian dinosaurs, living between 73-65 million years ago. It was a member of the Saurolophine hadrosaurs, which lacked the complex hollow crests of lambeosaurs like Parasaurolophus. Edmontosaurus instead had a fleshy comb similar to the comb of a rooster.

Jurassic World Evolution Screenshot 2020.04.29 - 01.58.53.45

A pair of Edmontosaurus.

The Edmontosaurus in Jurassic World Evolution is based on the species Edmontosaurus regalis, which has been found in the Horseshoe Canyon Formation in Alberta, Canada. This species had a solid circular shaped crest on its head. The other species, Edmontosaurus annectens, lacked this crest and evolved later than E. regalis.

Paleoecology

The Edmontosaurus lived in a humid and subtropical climate, with conifers and ferns thriving in the swamps and live oak and shrubs in the forests. It shared its environment with a variety of dinosaurs such as the ceratopsians Triceratops, Torosaurus, and Pachyrhinosaurus, the pachycephalosaurs Pachycephalosaurus, Stygimoloch, and Dracorex, the armoured Ankylosaurus and Edmontonia, the tyrannosaurs Albertosaurus, Gorgosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus, the small theropod Troodon, and the small ornithopod Thescelosaurus.

Available genomes

Fossil icon Dig site Quality Number available
Hadrosaurfossilicon
Horseshoe Canyon Formation Onestar2
Twostars2
Threestars2
Fourstars2
1
6
4
4
Lance Formation Onestar2
Threestars2
Fourstars2
1
2
3

Skins

Taigaicon Taiga: Isla Matanceros Challenge Mode Any Difficulty Unlock

Trivia

  • Edmontosaurus was the ninth dinosaur to receive a Species Profile, on 16 March 2018.
  • Edmontosaurus was first shown in an IGN First video.[4]
  • The distinctive appearance of the Edmontosaurus is based on its depiction on the Jurassic World website, designed by the renowned paleoartist Julius T. Csotonyi.[5] The crest was added later to accommodate recent fossil finds.
  • Edmontosaurus appeared in Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis, considered by many to be Jurassic World: Evolution's spiritual predecessor.

Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.dinosaurprotectiongroup.com/what-killed-the-gene-guard-act.html Dinosaur Protection Group - What Killed the Gene Guard Act
  2. The Lost World: Jurassic Park
  3. Dinosaur Protection Group - Reports. Retrieved from http://www.dinosaurprotectiongroup.com/reports.html
  4. https://youtu.be/nF8IYKzfrUA
  5. Jurassic World website—Edmontosaurus. (April 2018). Retrieved from http://islanublar.jurassicworld.com/dinosaurs/edmontosaurus/

External links

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